Strategický plán projektu EÚ - Rodiny a mládež končia s fajčením - ANGL.
(The euFAQT project )
1. Who we are
Families and Adolescents Quit Tobacco – the euFAQT project is a 3 year initiative co funded by the European Commission. The project began on 1/11/2009 and will be finalised on 31/10/2012.
The euFAQT consortium comprises the following partners:
We, the members of the euFAQT project, are deeply concerned by the impact of tobacco on adolescents. Our research indicated that adolescents have a strong emotional involvement with smoking and often refer to issues of social and peer pressure as influences of smoking uptake. Most importantly adolescents mentioned the strong impact their parents have over smoking related behavior. Consequently, euFAQT targets primarily European adolescents and their families and also educators, decision makers in the local communities, the wide public and policy makers at large. Based on the pilot implementation of the euFAQT project this strategy plan outlines specific intervention actions that have shown promising results for the prevention and cessation of smoking among adolescents in the participating countries.
The main aim of the euFAQT project is the promotion of a healthier smoke free way of life for European adolescent and their families, thus we encourage the replication of the euFAQT intervention on a larger scale.
3. Smoking facts
The last data (GYTS 2007) show:
§ 27.9% currently use any tobacco product (Boys = 30.0%, Girls = 25.1%)
§ 26.4% currently smoke cigarettes (Boys = 28.0%, Girls = 24.1%)
§ 8.3% currently daily cigarette smokers ( Boys = 9.8%, Girls = 6.2%)
§ 29.1% ever smokers initiated smoking before age ten (Boys = 34.8%, Girls = 22.3%)
§ 46.3% live in homes where other smoke in their presence
§ 69.3% are around others who smoke in places outside their home
§ 79.8% think smoking should be banned from public places
§ 50.9% have one or more parents who smoke
§ 24.1% have most or all friends who smoke
§ 65.1% want to stop smoking
§ 78.0% tried to stop smoking during the past year
4. euFAQT Piloting
The euFAQT intervention was designed with adolescents and parents through a participatory qualitative methodology and an in depth literature review of antismoking activities which showed the importance of peer and family factors as smoking triggers.
The intervention was piloted in
Overall, the intervention was well received and rated positively by both parents and adolescents who indicated the need for such projects to continue or to become part of the school program. Parents and adolescents in their vast majority (98% and 92% respectively) reported that their knowledge about smoking related issues increased after the intervention something which was confirmed by statistical analysis between pre and post questions that showed an impact on certain levels of knowledge and attitudes towards smoking.
Piloting results led the consortium to make certain changes in the suggested activities as some were found to be more successful for the purposes of the intervention compared to others.
5. The euFAQT intervention
The euFAQT intervention can be implemented in any setting in which adolescents spend their time and where parents can be reached for example school, health or youth club, religious setting etc. The intervention could be part of an already existing school health promotion program or a parent school program.
Activities need to be implemented by a psychologist specialized in group work with the participation of other professionals such as health promotion and public health specialists, educators. All sessions should be evaluated through specially designed checklists that need to be filled in by the facilitator so as to monitor progress and adjust activities if necessary. Pre post questionnaires should also be distributed before and after the end of the intervention to assess impact.
euFAQT activities target adolescents and parents and activities concern both. Methods are nontraditional and focus on communication techniques and skills building. The basic structure of the euFAQT intervention is presented below. More details, materials and questionnaires can be requested by contacting Stop smoking - NGO.
Promote antismoking behavior among parents by strengthening parenting techniques on communication and rule setting in relation to smoking.
Activities focus on how to initiate discussion about smoking, how to establish non-smoking rules at home, how to deal with feelings of guilt for parents who smoke, what are constructive reactions to adolescent smoking.
Activities are suggested to be divided into five sessions. Piloting showed that the interval between sessions should not exceed two weeks and should optimally be one week. Activities should be delivered by a trained psychologist (facilitator) with the presence of one moderator (assistant). It is advised that the moderator remains the same throughout the duration of the intervention.
Groups should not comprise more than 8 parents; it is suggested that each session is organized into two 45 minute periods. In the process the facilitator could deem necessary for certain changes in the timing of the sessions to take place. Each session should begin by reviewing what was achieved in the previous meeting. Each session should end with a reflection of what was learned in the current session and a brief overview of what to expect from the next one.
Prior to the beginning of the intervention it is advised to organize a preparatory meeting during which the facilitator will introduce him/herself to the parents. During this meeting the goals and objectives of the intervention should be presented. It is very important to commit parents as their participation in every session is very important for the smooth operation of the sessions. It is advised to preliminary agree on specific dates and times from the onset of the intervention.
1st session: getting to know the group members - understanding adolescence
Aim: (1) Getting to know the team members and building relationships
(2) Understanding the changes teenagers go through during adolescence
§ To strengthen feelings of trust and security through the exchange of opinions and self-revelations.
§ Going back to your teenage years
§ Relating parents’ adolescence – the members of the team – with that of their children.
2nd session: communication skills development
Aim: Developing communication skills among parents
§ To understand that communication is the key for healthy inter family relations
§ Train parents in appropriate expression and communication methods
3rd session: smoking- what you need to know and what you could tell your children
Aim: Providing important information concerning smoking which parents need to be aware of
§ For parents to acquire basic knowledge about smoking and its consequences
§ For parents to be trained on how to effectively communicate this information to their children
4th session: understanding influences, how parents operate as role models
Aim: For parents to understand that they operate as role models for their children
§ To understand how they influence their children’s behavior
§ To understand how they influence their children’s smoking related behavior
§ To observe their own smoking related behavior and think about how they could change
5th session: smoking cessation – what to do for yourself and your children
Aim: For parents to acquire some basic knowledge about smoking cessation.
§ Transferring basic knowledge and advice about smoking cessation and the associated benefits.
§ Transferring basic knowledge and advice about smoking cessation for their children and knowing how they can help.
Address emotional, motivational and social resistance factors relating to tobacco use through training in personal and social resistance and coping skills on issues concerning tobacco.
Activities focus on reasons for smoking/quitting, peer and media pressure, coping with stress, practical refusal - assertion skills, effects of tobacco use/ myths and truths. Activities are suggested to be divided into one preparatory and six main sessions. Piloting showed that the interval between sessions should not exceed two weeks and should optimally be every week. Activities should be delivered by a trained psychologist (facilitator) with the presence of one moderator (assistant). It is advised that the moderator remains the same throughout the duration of the intervention.
Groups should not comprise more than 8 parents; it is suggested that each session is organized into two 45 minute periods. In the process the facilitator could deem necessary for certain changes in the timing of the sessions to take place. Each session should begin by reviewing what was achieved in the previous meeting. Each session should end with a reflection of what was learned in the current session – adolescents are provided with paper and pencil to note this newly acquired knowledge. These notes are kept and can become material to be uploaded on the intervention website. Finally, a brief overview is provided of what to expect from the next one.
Prior to the beginning of the intervention it is advised to organize a preparatory meeting during which the facilitator will introduce him/herself to the adolescents. During this meeting the goals and objectives of the intervention should be presented and a detailed time schedule should be agreed...
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